Umrah is expiation for the sins committed between it and the previous Umrah. And The reward of Hajj Al Mabroor is nothing but Paradise. (Bukhari and Muslim).
The bounties of the Umrah are enormous, which may easily be traced in the Quran and of course, from the Traditions of the Holy Prophet PBUH. There are many virtues for the ones who perform Hajj or Umrah correctly. It is one of the best deeds as reported by Hazrat Abu Hurairah: the Prophet PBUH was asked about good deeds. He PBUH said, struggle to the utmost which is Jehad. He inquires again that what is next? He PBUH replied: the accepted Hajj and Umrah.
What you hav eto do:
Dua at the first sight of kabba
Complete tawaf (7 circuits of kabba)
Read 2 rakat at mukaam e ibrahim
Do Saee (7 times from safa to marwa is counted as one)
Finally men shave hair/cut hair from all roud the head an women to cut hair 1/4 of length of finger
Meeqat is an Arabic word; it literally means “a confirmed place”. It is a place beyond which no Muslim who is intending to perform Hajj or ‘Umrah can go towards Makkah without being in a state of Ihram
Meeqat sets the boundaries of the Haram from all directions approaching Makkah. Upon crossing the Meeqat a person should consider it binding upon himself to respect any rules that may apply to him, as he should consider himself having entered the haram upon crossing the Meeqat.
Proceeding in Ihram at the time of crossing the Meeqat is one of the rules binding upon those who enter the haram with the intention of Hajj or Umrah
The Meeqats (places for assuming Ihram) are five: DhulHulaifah, Al-Juhfah, Qarn-ulmanaazil, Yalamlam and DhaatuIrq. They are for those who live there and those who pass by them intending Hajj or ‘Umrah. And he whose house is nearer than them to Makkah then he makes Ihram from his house, the people of Makkah making Ihram from Makkah.
1:Dhul Hulaifah is the place for the people of Madinah and is a village six or seven miles away – and it is the furthest Meeqat from Makkah -. This miqat is about 9 kilometers from Madinah and about 450 kilometers from Makkah. This miqat is now known as ABIYAR ALI
2:Al-juhfah is a village between Madinah and Makkah – about three travel stages away. It is the meeqat for the people of Madinah if they come by this route. IbnTaimiyyah said: “It is the Meeqat for those who make Hajj from the direction of the west, like the people of Shaam (Greater Syria) and Egypt and the rest of the West. And it is today ruined and deserted; therefore the people now go into Ihram before it in the place called “Raabigh”. This miqat is about 190 kilometers to the northwest of Makkah.
3:Qarn Ul Manaazil which is also called “Qarn-uth-Tha’aalib” is near Makkah – being a day and night’s journey away – and is the Meeqat for the people of Najd. This miqat is a hilly place about 90 kilometers to the east of Makkah.
4:Yalamlam is a place two nights distant from Makkah, thirty miles away and is the Meeqat for the people of Yemen. This miqat is a hilly area about 50 kilometers to the southeast ofMakkah. This is the miqat for the people of Yemen and others coming from that direction. It is the miqat for many of the pilgrims from China, Japan, India, Pakistan who come by ship.
Dhaatu irq is a place out in the desert, marking the border between Najd and Tihaamah, being forty-two miles from Makkah. It is the Meeqat for the people of Iraq. This miqat is about 85 kilometers towards the northeast side of Makkah. This is the miqat for the people of Iran, Iraq and for those coming from that direction.
ACT of UMRAH:
There are three acts that are Fardh in Umrah
1. Intention/Niyyah: Assume the Ihram clothing, make intention and recite Talbiyah.
2. Perform Tawaf of Holy Ka’ba.
3. Perform Sa’ee between Safa and Marwah Hills.
Prohibition In IHRAM:
There are things which are forbidden in the state of ihram.
Hunting the land animal.
For men only: wearing the sewn clothes.
Applying kohl on the eyes.
For men only: wearing shoes or socks.
Cursing other people.
Quarreling with others.
Killing the insects.
Applying oil on the body.
Getting rid of the bodily hair.
For men only: covering the head. (Even submerging the head in a body of water is not allowed, for both men as well as women.)
For women: covering the face.
Causing blood to come out of one’s body.
Clipping the nail.
Pulling out the teeth.
It is desirable for the visitor when he wants to depart and travel to take leave of the Prophet’s mosque by performing two rak’as and invoking for what he likes then he comes to the Noble Presence (Al Hadra al-Sharifah), pays salutations as he had done earlier and invokes with insistence earnestly and says farewell to the Prophet (peace be upon him) saying: “O Allah! Do not make this visit the last one to the Haram of Your Messenger (peace be upon him) and make my return to the two holy mosques an easy way by Your favor and grace, grant me pardon, good health and protection in this world and in the Hereafter and return us safely, sound and prosperous to our countries”. And he says: “Not saying farewell Messenger of Allah”.